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🧠 What’s changed in APA Style 7th edition?

APA 7th edition cover

The American Psychological Association has announced the newest version of their publication manual: the 7th edition. It will be officially released in October, and arrives just over 10 years since the 6th edition was published. Here’s what we know so far:

Writing citations

Fundamentally not much is changing to the way citations are formatted, so if you’re comfortable with writing citations according to the 6th edition rules then it should be a smooth segue into the 7th edition. Here are the most notable changes:

  • Website URLs no longer need to be preceeded with “Retrieved from:”.
  • Ebooks no longer require the type of ebook to be listed (e.g. PDF, Kindle etc)
  • Journal DOIs are now displayed as a URL instead of with the “DOI:” prefix. For example: “DOI: 10.1109/5.771073” becomes “”
  • The publisher location is no longer required. This means “New York: Macmillan” is now just “Macmillan”.
  • Guidelines and citation examples are being added for newer information sources that have emerged or grown in popularity since the 6th edition, like social media messages and videos, and other electronic mediums.

Punctuation and layout

The manual now states to always use a single space after any body-text punctuation, whether it’s at the end of a sentence or not. In the 6th edition, two spaces would be required at the end of a sentence, while a single space would only be used after punctuation that was not at the of a sentence. Other important changes include:

  • The words “Running head:” should no longer be prefixed to the running head on the title page. Now, only the actual title and a page number (typically 1) should be used.
  • Heading fonts sizes for levels 3 through 5 have been changed to make them easier to read.

Bias-free language

Guidelines are being added to use bias-free language when referring to people or entities. This means using the word “they” instead of gender pronouns like “he”, “she”, “his” and “her”. In addition, descriptive phrases should be preferred instead of nouns to label people.


APA style 6th edition requires the Times New Roman font in 12pt size, which is a relatively small serif font that can be hard to read. But font lovers rejoice! — The 7th edition adds Calibri size 11pt, Arial 11pt, Lucida Sans Unicode 10pt, and Georgia 11pt as allowed fonts.

💡 A serif font is one with extra strokes or curly lines added to each letter. A sans-serif font is a simpler font without these extra strokes, and is easier to read. The font this page is written in is a sans-serif font.


Students new to writing and citing in APA style will be pleased to see complete examples demonstrating visually how to lay out a paper in the 7th edition style. This includes the title page, main body, bibliography, and any other nuances. We also have this information available in our APA Format Guide, and our APA Citation Generator is there to help you format your citations.

When will APA 7th Edition start being used?

The American Psychological Association is not expecting to see the 7th Edition used in practice until Q2 in 2020. And as a student, you should definitely check with your professor or teacher whether they’re expecting the 7th edition, or the 6th edition.

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