arrow_back Home
The 'forever chemicals' - PFAS.
file_downloadDownload to Word
Works Cited

Andersen, Melvin E., et al. “Why Is Elevation of Serum Cholesterol Associated with Exposure to Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in Humans? A Workshop Report on Potential Mechanisms.” Toxicology, vol. 459, July 2021, p. 152845, Accessed 29 Sept. 2022.

Boston, 677 Huntington Avenue, and Ma 02115 +1495‑1000. “Some Dental Floss May Expose People to Harmful Chemicals.” News, 14 Jan. 2019, Accessed 24 Sept. 2022.

Bourzac, Katherine. “Method Detects New PFAS in the Atmosphere.”, 2022, Accessed 26 Sept. 2022.

Breast Cancer Prevention Partners. “PFAS Forever Chemicals (Also PFOA, PFOS).” Breast Cancer Prevention Partners (BCPP), Accessed 29 Sept. 2022.

CDC. “PFAS Chemical Exposure | ATSDR.”, 24 June 2020, Accessed 24 Sept. 2022.

CSIRO. “Research Shows Native Plants Can Detox PFAS-Contaminated Water.”, 4 May 2022, Accessed 30 Sept. 2022.

DW Planet A. “PFAS: The Secret Toxins in Your Body.” YouTube, 12 Mar. 2021, Accessed 24 Sept. 2022.

Fair, Patricia A., et al. “Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) in Edible Fish Species from Charleston Harbor and Tributaries, South Carolina, United States: Exposure and Risk Assessment.” Environmental Research, vol. 171, Apr. 2019, pp. 266–277,

Li, Jiuyi, et al. “Exposure Routes, Bioaccumulation and Toxic Effects of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) on Plants: A Critical Review.” Environment International, vol. 158, Jan. 2022, p. 106891, Accessed 30 Sept. 2022.

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. “Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS).” National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2018, Accessed 24 Sept. 2022.

Pennsylvania Department of Health. “Error.”, 19 July 2022, Accessed 24 Sept. 2022.

Pérez, Francisca, et al. “Accumulation of Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Human Tissues.” Environment International, vol. 59, Sept. 2013, pp. 354–362,

Perkins, Tom. ““Forever Chemicals” Found in Nearly 60% of Children’s “Waterproof” or “Stain-Resistant” Textiles.” The Guardian, 7 May 2022, Accessed 24 Sept. 2022.

Routti, Heli, et al. “Perfluoroalkyl Substances Detected in the World’s Southernmost Marine Mammal, the Weddell Seal ( Leptonychotes Weddellii ).” Environmental Pollution, vol. 197, Feb. 2015, pp. 62–67,

Shankar, Anoop, et al. “Perfluorooctanoic Acid and Cardiovascular Disease in US Adults.” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 172, no. 18, 8 Oct. 2012, p. 1397, Accessed 29 Sept. 2022.

Skogheim, Thea S., et al. “Prenatal Exposure to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) and Associations with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children.” Environmental Research, vol. 202, Nov. 2021, p. 111692, Accessed 29 Sept. 2022.

Stoiber, Tasha. “PFAS Chemicals Harm the Immune System, Decrease Response to Vaccines, New EWG Review Finds | Environmental Working Group.”, 12 Nov. 2020, Accessed 29 Sept. 2022.

Sudborough, Susannah. “These Clothing Brands Have Stopped Using PFAS Chemicals.”, 6 Apr. 2022, Accessed 30 Sept. 2022.

Tarapore, Pheruza, and Bin Ouyang. “Perfluoroalkyl Chemicals and Male Reproductive Health: Do PFOA and PFOS Increase Risk for Male Infertility?” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, no. 7, 5 Apr. 2021, p. 3794,, Accessed 29 Sept. 2022.

The Family Tree of Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoralkyl Substances (PFAS) for Environmental Health Professionals. 6 Sept. 2017.

Turns, Anna. ““Forever Chemicals”: The Hidden Threat from the Toxic PFAS on Your Shelf.” The Guardian, 14 Sept. 2021, Accessed 24 Sept. 2022.